An important aspect of the QTL mapping problem is the treatment of missing genotype data. If complete genotype data were available, QTL mapping would reduce to the problem of model selection in linear regression. However, in the consideration of loci in the intervals between the available genetic markers, genotype data is inherently missing. Even at the typed genetic markers, genotype data is seldom complete, as a result of failures in the genotyping assays or for the sake of economy (for example, in the case of selective genotyping, where only individuals with extreme phenotypes are genotyped). We discuss the use of algorithms developed for hidden Markov models (HMMs) to deal with the missing genotype data problem.
Broman, Karl W., "USE OF HIDDEN MARKOV MODELS FOR QTL MAPPING" (December 2006). Johns Hopkins University, Dept. of Biostatistics Working Papers. Working Paper 125.