This paper reviews two types of geometric methods proposed in recent years for defining statistical decision rules based on 2-dimensional parameters that characterize treatment effect in a medical setting. A common example is that of making decisions, such as comparing treatments or selecting a best dose, based on both the probability of efficacy and the probability toxicity. In most applications, the 2-dimensional parameter is defined in terms of a model parameter of higher dimension including effects of treatment and possibly covariates. Each method uses a geometric construct in the 2-dimensional parameter space based on a set of elicited parameter pairs as a basis for defining decision rules. The first construct is a family of contours that partitions the parameter space, with the contours constructed so that all parameter pairs on a given contour are equally desirable. The partition is used to define statistical decision rules that discriminate between parameter pairs in term of their desirabilities. The second construct is a convex 2-dimensional set of desirable parameter pairs, with decisions based on posterior probabilities of this set for given combinations of treatments and covariates under a Bayesian formulation. A general framework for all of these methods is provided, and each method is illustrated by one or more applications.
Statistical Methodology | Statistical Theory
Thall, Peter F., "Some Geometric Methods for Constructing Decision Criteria Based On Two-Dimensional Parameters" (December 2006). UT MD Anderson Cancer Center Department of Biostatistics Working Paper Series. Working Paper 28.