Motivation: Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) has been developed recently to capture moderate but coordinated changes in the expression of sets of functionally related genes. We propose number of extensions to GSEA, which uses different statistics to describe the association between genes and phenotype of interest. We make use of dimension reduction procedures, such as principle component analysis to identify gene sets containing coordinated genes. We also address the problem of overlapping among gene sets in this paper.

Results: We applied our methods to the data come from a clinical trial in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) [1]. We identified interesting gene sets using different statistics. We find that gender may have effects on the gene expression in addition to the phenotype effects. Investigating overlap among interesting gene sets indicate that overlapping could alter the interpretation of the significant results.


Bioinformatics | Computational Biology