Quantifying and Comparing the Accuracy of Binary Biomarkers When Predicting a Failure Time Outcome
Moskowitz CS and Pepe MS (2004). Quantifying and comparing the accuracy of binary biomarkers when predicting a failure time outcome. Statistics in Medicine 23(10), 1555-1570.
The positive and negative predictive value are standard measures used to quantify the predictive accuracy of binary biomarkers when the outcome being predicted is also binary. When the biomarkers are instead being used to predict a failure time outcome, there is no standard way of quantifying predictive accuracy. We propose a natural extension of the traditional predictive values to accommodate censored survival data. We discuss not only quantifying predictive accuracy using these extended predictive values, but also rigorously comparing the accuracy of two biomarkers in terms of their predictive values. Using a marginal regression framework, we describe how to estimate differences in predictive accuracy and how to test whether the observed difference is statistically significant.