Marginal generalized linear models can be used for clustered and longitudinal data by fitting a model as if the data were independent and using an empirical estimator of parameter standard errors. We extend this approach to data where the number of observations correlated with a given one grows with sample size and show that parameter estimates are consistent and asymptotically Normal with a slower convergence rate than for independent data, and that an information sandwich variance estimator is consistent. We present two problems that motivated this work, the modelling of patterns of HIV genetic variation and the behavior of clustered data estimators when clusters are large.
Lumley, Thomas and Mayer Hamblett, Nicole, "Asymptotics for Marginal Generalized Linear Models With Sparse Correlations" (June 2003). UW Biostatistics Working Paper Series. Working Paper 207.